Kolams one of the drawings done by the women of south india, which get walked, rained out or blown out in the wind; the newones are made the next day. Every morning before sunrise we sweep the floor, clean it with water to create an even surface. They are drawn on the damp surface so that the deisgn will hold better.
In ancient days, kolams are drawn with dried rice powder in the tamil month of margazhi which starts from the second week of December till the second week of January.This is done inorder to help the small creatures like ants and birds to eat it, so that they need not travel long for food. It is a sign of invitation to goddess LAKSHMI (goddess of prosperity and wealth).
Nowadays it has just become a fashion among women. They are drawn with the chalk powder.They mix synthetic colours for colour powders. Kolams are regionally known by different names in India, Kolam in Tamilnadu, Raangolee in Maharashtra, Hase and Rangoli in Karnataka, Muggulu in Andra pradesh.
There are too many patterns of kolams. Rangoli which is colourful. South Indian Kolams are complex in nature.These patterns range between geometric and mathematical lines or curves around a matrix of dots. Rituals Kolam patterns are specially designed and drawn on that occasions like weddings, festivals. Even messages are also drawn in them.